Union of New Brunswick Indians

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Source Water Protection
Water Quality, Conservation & Supply
Wastewater Treatment

Wellfield Protection Designation Order

Wellfield Protection - Protecting Sources of Municipal Drinking Water

A Guide To New Brunswick’s Watershed Protected Area Designation Order


Water Quality, Conservation & Supply
Domestic Water Quality Monitoring in New Brunswick

Water management

Understanding Legal Complexities of Integrated Water Management

Where can I get my well water tested in New Brunswick?

Wastewater Treatment

Septic Systems

Your Septic System

A Homeowner’s Guide to Septic Systems

Natural Technologies of Wastewater Treatment

Nepisiquit River Basin

NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. Middle River Headwaters
  2. Little River
  3. Forty Four Mile Brook
  4. Forty Mile Brook
  5. Nine Mile Brook
  6. Nepisguit Brook Composite
  7. Otter Brook Composite
  8. South Branch Nepisguit River
  9. Little South Branch Nepisguit River

The South Branch Nepisguit River, with 62% of the land base covered in Crown forest less than 35 years old, is the most critically affected watershed in the province. The extent of young forest in that watershed can be contrasted with the adjacent low risk Portage Brook Composite watershed, for example, which contains only 12.5% young Crown forests.

Soil Samples taken by the UNBI on or near the Pabineau First Nation Community:IN: Environmental Contamination Related to Significant Health Issues Among First Nations in New Brunswick

Location Along Railroad
Between Pabineau + Brunswick Mines Crossing Rte 430 1,890 5,670 46 197
Parallel to Rte 430 1,180 1,850 26 197
Past Pabineau crossing Rte 430 444 1,120

Heavy Metal Mining Activity

2 Miramichi River Basin

NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. Tomogonops River
  2. North Branch Big Sevogle River
  3. South Branch Big Sevogle River Headwaters
  4. Lower North Branch Little Southwest Miramichi River
  5. Little North Pole Brook Composite
  6. North Pole Stream
  7. Burnt Land Brook
  8. Six Mile Brook

"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <40%)

South Branch Kedgwick River

West of States Brook Composite

States Brook

McDougall Brook

Patapedia River

St. Croix River Basin

Petitcodiac River Basin

07 Northumberland Strait Composite

08 West Fundy Composite

09 Acadian Peninsula Composite

10 Chaleur Bay Composite
"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <40%)NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008
  1. Benjamin River

  • Gagnon, M. 1997. Regional Assessment: Southern Gaspé–Chaleur Bay. Priority Intervention Zone 20. Environment Canada – Quebec Region, Environmental Conservation, St. Lawrence Centre. 98 pages.
    In the early 1980s, several areas along the south shore of Chaleur Bay were heavily polluted by mercury and cadmium, and moderately polluted by arsenic, lead and zinc. The situation has since improved, however, thanks to efforts to control industrial effluent. Industrial activities in Belledune had been the source of cadmium, lead, arsenic and zinc contamination of sediment in the port and the coastal area downstream. Mercury contamination had been caused by effluent from a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie, dredging of the port at Dalhousie, and the dumping of contaminated spoil in open water.Several large industrial plants are located on the south shore of Chaleur Bay: three pulp and paper mills (in Atholville, Dalhousie and Bathurst), three thermal power plants (two in Dalhousie and one in Belledune), a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie and a lead smelter in Belledune. A chemical fertilizer plant in Belledune was recently shut down. These plants have been major sources of cadmium, lead, mercury and other toxic substances contaminating the south shore of Chaleur Bay.
11 East Fundy Composite

12 Fundy Isles Composite

13 Inner Bay of Fundy Composite

Government Resources on current wetland protocols