Union of New Brunswick Indians

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First Nations Health

Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Director: Nelson Solomon
Contact by Email

Health Policy: Peter Birney, Senior Health Policy Analyst
Contact by Email

Diabetes Initiative: Shelley Francis, Community Consultant
Contact by Email

Debbie Fearneley, Assistant
Contact by Email

Aboriginal Headstart:  Marie Gorman, Coordinator, Atlantic Canada
Contact by Email

Home & Community Care: Elaina Bigras, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Coordinator
Contact by Email

First Nation Regional Health Study:  Hazel Atwin
Contact by Email


British Columbia First Nations Health Authority (FNHA)

Atlantic Policy Congress Health Department

Atlantic First Nations Health Conference Gathering Our Voices Building Capacity, Building Bridges November 19-21, 2012

Family Health

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

FASD encapsulates conditions previously known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and the milder form, Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). FASD is caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and results in a pattern of birth defects which affect both the body and the functioning of the brain.


Natasha Francis                     
Indian Island
(Tel.) 506-523-1913
(Fax) 506-523-8110
Contact by Email

Kim Harrison
Fort Folly
(Tel.) 506-379-3409
(Fax) 506-379-3408
Contact by Email

Jolyne Knockwood
Fort Folly
(Tel.) 506-379-3409
(Fax) 506-379-3408
Contact by Email

Paige Hambrook
Eel Ground
(Tel.) 506-627-4651
(Fax) 506-627-4715
Contact by Email

Christine LeBlanc
Eel River Bar
(Tel.) 506-684-6292
(Fax) 506-684-6340

Tracy Gray
(Tel.) 506-574-8005
(Fax) 506-545-6968
Contact by Email

Jaime Ward
(Tel.) 506-836-6165
(Fax) 506-836-0006
Contact by Email

Lisa Steeves
(Tel.) 506-743-2524
(Fax) 506-743-2523
Contact by Email

Maternal Child Health Program (MCH)


All children in the participating communities will be born healthy to loving parents, and will have support within their extended families and communities to grow and thrive in their Mi'kmaq and Maliseet cultures.


Our goal is to reach out to all parents and caretakers in the community and offer the support and resources needed to promote healthy childhood growth and development. We will work with each family's individual strengths and needs, and provide them with the tools and resources needed to build a foundation for strong family functioning.


Mallory Paul
Maternal Child Health Supervisor
(Tel.) (506) 627-4611
(Fax) (506) 627-4613
Contact by Email

Jolyne Knockwood
Maternal Child Health Coordinator
Fort Folly
(Tel.) (506) 327-3409
(Fax) (506) 379-3808
Contact by Email

Lisa Steeves
Maternal Child Health Coordinator
(Tel.) (506) 743-2524
(Fax) (506) 743-2523
Contact by Email

Mildred Metallic
Maternal Child Health Coordinator
Eel River Bar
(Tel.) (506) 683-6297
(Fax) (506) 684-6282
Contact by Email

Lisa LaTulippe
Maternal Child Health Coordinator
(Tel.) (506) 352-0684
Contact by Email

Catherine Bernard
Maternal Child Health Coordinator
(Tel.) (506) 739-9765
(Fax) (506) 735-1446
Contact by Email

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Exclusive breast-feeding shows a direct epidemiological relationship to autism," and also, "the longer the duration of exclusive breast-feeding, the greater the correlation with autism.”(13)

First-born children, compared with later-born, have the highest rate of autism,1 and they also have the highest exposure to breastfeeding, in rates,2a in duration,2b and in concentrations of developmental toxins contained in the milk.2c

Autism risk declines progressively from first-born to second-born, to third-born children, and continues downward to fourth-born children;1  and breastfeeding rates, duration and concentrations of toxins contained in breast milk decline from first to later children.2a, 2b, 2c (Toxin levels are reduced as a result of excretion to earlier-born infants during previous nursing.) Fourth-born children have less exposure to breastfeeding frequency,2a duration,2b and toxins contained2c, and they also have half the autism risk compared with first-born children.1  

3½-year-olds: a history of breastfeeding was related to less-sustained attention and signs of hyperactive behavior were associated with higher postnatal levels of PCBs, mainly predicted by breastfeeding duration. 6a  

4-year-old children with higher current body burden of PBDEs were found to have over 2½ times the risk of poor social competence (a basic autism-related trait), compared with less-exposed children.5  Comparative exposure data shows a nearly 3-to-1 difference in levels of PBDEs in breastfed as compared with formula-fed children at age 4,

ASD increased in the U.S. during recent decades while the children being diagnosed had been breastfed at increasing rates;7 concentrations of PBDEs (a strongly-suspected neurodevelopmental toxin) in the breast milk also greatly increased during that period.8

During the general period of 2004-2010 in the U.K. children autism rates were not increasing while breastfeeding rates were also basically level. This stable level of autism prevailed in the U.K. while autism rates were reported to have increased in the U.S. along with increases in breastfeeding rates.11b 


The Emerging Link between Wireless and Autism  ....began to notice higher rate of autism among the children of parents who worked at Microsoft..

Publications @ www.pollutionaction.org/

Aboriginal Headstart on-Reserve (AHSOR)

Contact by Email
(Tel.) 506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Marie Levi-Gorman
Coordinator, Atlantic Canada


1.   Collaborate with First Nations, Inuit, governments, and community partners in the regions to improve the coordination of and access to maternal and child health and healthy child development programs and services

2.   Aid the development, delivery and management of culturally appropriate programs, services and initiatives for First Nations living on-reserve and Inuit living in Inuit communities, providing increased support for women and families with young children from preconception through pregnancy, birth and parenting by:

  • supporting the spiritual, emotional, intellectual and physical growth of the children living in the Atlantic Region
  • supporting and encouraging each child to enjoy life long learning
  • supporting parents and guardians as the primary teachers and care givers of their children
  • helping parents to play a major part in planning, developing, implementing and evaluating the project
  • recognizing and supporting the role of the extended family in teaching and caring for children including the broader First Nations community throughout all of its stages, from planning to evaluation
  • ensuring linkages and cooperation with other community programs and services to enhance the effectiveness of the projects
  • ensuring resources are used in the best way possible in order to produce measurable and positive outcomes for children living in the Atlantic Region, as well as their parents, families and communities

Six Components:

Culture and Language


Health Promotion


Social Support

Parent and Family Involvement

AHSOR Coordinators & Associates

New Brunswick 

Buctouche First Nation 
9 Reserve Road
Buctouche, NB
E4S 4G2

Lisa Peralta
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2173
Fax 1-506-743-2523

Joanne Brun Cormier, Supervisor
4 Directions, Child & Family Services
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2171

 Burnt Church First Nation  
590 Micmac Rd
Burnt Church, NB
E9G 2C2

Mavis Mitchell, Coordinator
Tel. 1-506-776-1210
Fax 1-506-776-1214

Claudette Doiron
Child & Family Services Director
Tel. 1-506-776-1248

Eel Ground First Nation
47 Church Road
Eel Ground, NB
E1V 4E6

Heidi Ginnish, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-627-4612
Fax 1-506-627-4729  

Byron Bushey, Supervisor
Child & Family Services

Eel River Bar First Nation
11 Main Street, Unit 201
Eel River Bar, NB
E8C 1A1

Cher Bjourndal, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-684-6305
Fax 1-506-684-6280  

Lise Degrace, Director
Child & Family Services

Elsipogtog First Nation
361 Big Cove Road
Big Cove, NB
E4W 2S3

Peggy Clement, Coordinator
ECE Programs
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-523-8477

Fort Folly First Nation
38 Bernard Trail
Dorchester, NB

Jolyne Knockwood, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-379-3409
Fax 1-506-379-3408

Joanne Brun Cormier, Supervisor

4 Directions Child & Family Services
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2171

Indian Island First Nation
179 Island Drive
Indian Island, NB
E4W 1T1  

Anna Augustine, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-523-4875,   (Fax) 1-506-523-8110

Joanne Brun Cormier, Supervisor
4 Directions Child & Family Services
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2171  

Kingsclear First Nation  
721 Church Street
Kingsclear, NB
E3E 1K8  

Veronica Atwin-Sacobie, Coordinator
Contact by Email   
Tel. 1-506-363-4047
Fax 1-506-363-4829

Gary Sacobie, Director
Child & Family Services

Madawaska First Nation
1771 Main Street
Edmunston, NB
E7C 1W9

Sue Belanger, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-739-7143
Fax 1-506-739-0913

Catherine Bernard, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-735-1746

Metepenagiag First Nation
PO Box 293, 59 Mountain Rd
Red Bank, NB
E9E 2P2

Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-836-6165

Joanne Brun-Cormier, Director
4 Directions Child & Family Services
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2171

Oromocto First Nation
P.O. Box 417
Oromocto, NB
E2V 2J2

Virginia Buchanan, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-357-3570
Fax. 1-506-357-3572

Pabineau First Nation
1290 Pabineau Falls Road
Pabineau, NB
E2A 7M3

Amanda Peter-Paul, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-548-9211
Fax 1-506-545-6968  

Joanne Brun Cormier, Supervisor
4 Directions Child & Family Services
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-743-2171   

St. Marys First Nation
59 Maliseet Drive
Fredericton, NB
E3A 5R8

Jennifer Paul (acting), Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-472-4530
Fax 1-506-472-5600

Tobique First Nation
240 Main Street
Tobique , NB
E7H 4Z2

Judy Perley, AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-273-5408
Fax 1-506-273-5432

Woodstock First Nation
6 Eagles Nest Drive
Woodstock, NB
E7M 4J3

Janet Paul , AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-506-328-4332
Fax 1-506-324-6254

Nova Scotia 

Acadia First Nation
10526 Highway 3
Yarmouth, NS, B5A 4A8

Rena Falls, AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-742-6928
Fax 1-902-742-4143

Marsha Boudreau, Band Manager
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-742-0257

Annapolis First Nation
58 Goo-ow Lane
Cambridge, NS, B0P 1G0

Mindy Gallant-Zwicker, AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-538-1048

Christine MacFarlane, Health Director
Contact by Email

Bear River First Nation
P.O. Box 210
Bear River, NS, B0S 1B0

Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-467-4193

Christine Potter, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-467-4197
Fax 1-902-467-4143

Eskasoni First Nation
P.O. Box 7745, 44 Spencer Lane
Eskasoni, NS, B1W 1A1

June Lewis, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-379-2232

Sharon Rudderham, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-379-3200
Fax 1-902-379-2875

Glooscap First Nation
P.O. Box 449,
157 Smith Road
Hantsport , NS
B0P 1P0

Connie Pineo, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-684-
Fax 1-905-681-9890

Indian Brook First Nation
Micmac Post Office
Hants County, NS
B0N 1W0

Patsy Micheal, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-758-3788
Fax 1-902-758-1290

Membertou First Nation
113 Membertou Street
Sydney, NS
B1S 2M9

Anita Doucette, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-562-1121
Fax 1-902-562-6909

Dan Googoo, Education Director

Millbrook First Nation
P.O. Box 634,
812 Willow Street
Truro, NS
B2N 5E5

Sylvia Martin, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-897-1249 Ext. 10
Fax 1-902-839-3665

Elizabeth Paul, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-895-9468

Paq'nkek First Nation
20 Dillion Street RR #1
Afton, NS
B0H 1A0

Starlene Pictou, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-386-2244
Fax 1-902-386-2631

Juliana Julian, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-386-2048

Pictou Landing First Nation 
P.O. Box 116,
Site 6 RR#2
Trenton, NS
B0K 1X0

Pam Paul, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-755-9954

Sheila Francis, Education Director
Fax 1-902-750-4916

Potlotek First Nation
P.O. Box 588,
351 Blackland Road
Chapel Island, NS
B0E 3B0

Lorena Tracey, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-535-2307
Fax 1-902-535-3428

Nancy MacLeod, Education Director
342 Sitimuk Rd., Chapel Island First Nation,
Compartment 588
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-535-3160 Ext. 222

Wagmatcook First Nation
P.O. Box 30004,
73 humes Road
Wagmatcook, NS
B0E 3N0

Neilene Peck, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-295-2357
Fax 1-902-295-1975

Audrey Piero, Manager, Child & Youth Employment

We'kogma'q First Nation
P.O. Box 241
Whycocomagh, NS
B0E 3M0

Renita Bernard, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-756-2480

Jennifer MacDonald, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-756-2393

Newfoundland and Labrador

Mushuau First Nation 
PO Box 190,
Natuashish, NL
A0P 1A0  

Simeon Poker, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-709-478-2404

Kathleen Benuen, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-709-478-8892

Miawpukek First Nation 
Conne River Health & Social Services
Conne River, NL
A0H 1J0

Jackie John, Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-709-882-2710

Theresa O’Keefe, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-709-883-5102

Prince Edward Island

Abegweit First Nation
P.O. Box 36, 85 Glooscap Dr
Mount Stewart, PEI, C0A 1T0  

Mary Baird, AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-676-2412

Gerard Gould, Health Director
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-676-2175
Fax 1-905-676-2734

Lennox Island 
237 Sweet Grass Trail
Lennox Island, PEI, C0B 1J0

Lori Ellsworth, AHSOR Coordinator
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-831-3480

Tammy  Arsenault, Wellness Director/CHR
Contact by Email
Tel. 1-902-831-2711

Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative (ADI)

Contact by Email
Tel: 506-458-9444
Fax: 506-458-2850

Debbie Fearneley
Contact by Email

Shelly Francis, RN
Diabetes Community Consultant
Health, Wellness and Fitness

Type 2 diabetes is a health concern among Canada's First Nations and Inuit. First Nations on reserve have a rate of diabetes three to five times higher than that of other Canadians. Rates of diabetes among the Inuit are expected to rise significantly in the future given that risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy eating patterns are high.  The Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative (ADI) Program at the Union of New Brunswick Indians was established in 2000 as the national program was introduced to address the alarming rates of Type 2 Diabetes among First Nations communities.


Reduce Type 2 Diabetes among Aboriginal people by supporting:
• health promotion
• primary prevention activities
• services delivered by trained community diabetes workers & health service providers


To deliver a range of primary prevention, screening and treatment programs in partnership with First Nation Communities, Tribal Councils, First Nations organizations, Inuit community groups and Provincial and Territorial governments.

• prevention,
• health promotion,
• screening and
• care management initiatives

These programs are community-based and culturally appropriate.  Through these activities, the ADI supports prevention, health promotion, screening and care management initiatives that are community-based and culturally appropriate


• Diabetes in pre-pregnancy and pregnancy;
• Community-led food security planning to improve access to healthy foods, including traditional and market foods;
• Enhanced training and support for health professionals on clinical practice guidelines and chronic disease management strategies.


Childhood Obesity ... Let's "Step" Towards a Healthier Future - presented at ANTEC 2010

One popular annual event is the ADI School Walking Challenge held in November each year to raise awareness of diabetes prevention during Diabetes Month.

2015 Champions of ADI Walking Challenge
Grade 5 Students at Chief Harold Sappier Memorial Elementary School
St. Mary's First Nation

Diabetes Community Consultants (Certified Diabetes Educators)
Union of NB Indians Shelly Francis 506-458-9444
Union of NS Indians Ann Gottschall 902-863-8455
MAWIW Inc. Laurie Ann Nicholas 506-461-2965
Confederacy of Mainland Mi’kmaq         Kayla Thomas 902-890-0601
Home and Community Care

Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Elaina Bigras (RNBN)
Coordinator, N.B. & P.E.I.


1.  To build capacity within First Nations in N.B. & P.E.l to plan, develop and deliver comprehensive, culturally-sensitive, accessible and effective home care services; and

2.  To provide coordination services for First Nations in N.B. & P.E.l. that will allow the development of a H & CC Program which recognizes the need for culturally sensitive, integrated care services under First Nations control that will be appropriate, comprehensive, accessible, effective and equitable to that of other citizens of Canada

Professional Associations

Elder Care Working Group
Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nation Chiefs
Report on Activities – 2012/2013

Elder Care

Atlantic First Nations Elder Care Strategic Action Plan 2015-2020

 Atlantic First Nation Communities' Elder Support Groups

Contact name
& Number


ABEGWEIT, PEI Yes Monthly       Ashley Jadis
(902) 676-3007 Ext. 224
LENNOX ISLAND, PEI Yes Marlene Maclennan
{902) 831 2711


ESKASONI, NS Yes Sheila Morris
(902) 379 2540
GLOOSCAP, NS Yes Monthly Terrell Mudge
{902) 684 9353
"Club 55"
Monthly Gloria Nicholas
{902) 564 6466
MILLBROOK, NS Yes Monthly Lavinia Brooks
(902) 895 9468
"IRS" Group
"IRS" Group
(902) 758 2063
Chief Norman
WAYCOBAH, NS Yes Andrea Curry


EEL GROUND, NB Yes Monthly Kerlan Francis
(506) 627 4633
EEL RIVER BAR, NB Yes Monthly Judy Labillois
{506) 684 6334
ELSIPOGTOG, NB Yes Margaret Ann Milliea
{506) 523 8200 Ext.4617
ESGENOOPETITJ, NB Yes Weekly Contanace Mattalic
{506) 779 5674
KINGSCLEAR, NB Yes Lynn Dunmar
{506) 362 3028 Ext.103
Margaret Paul
(902) 357 1027
TOBIQUE, NB Yes Monthly Qwen Bernard
(506) 273 9315


MIAWPUKEK, NL Yes Weekly Maggie Johns
(709) 882 2287
NATUASHISH, NL Unknown Kathleen Benuen
(709) 478 8871
(709) 899 0879
First Nations Health Policy

 Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Peter Birney
Senior Health Policy Analyst



The Union of New Brunswick Indians (UNBI) has been in existence for forty one years and has been accountable both to its First Nations members and various funding agencies.

On April 6, 1993, the First Nation leaders, by resolution, established a Commission on Health and Social Programs, which was mandated to promote First Nation control in all areas of health and social programming.

UNBI subsequently entered into a Health Transfer Agreement with First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada in 1995 and renewed the same in 2003.

This agreement expired on March 31, 2008 and UNBI wishes to renew the Agreement for another five year period in order to continue to provide second and third level health programs and services to its member bands.


WHEREAS: The Government of Canada is responsible for "Indians and Lands reserved for Indians under Sect. 91 (24), Constitution Act; and

WHEREAS: The Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations of New Brunswick have demonstrated their capacity to manage their health programs and to improve the well being of their citizenry; and

WHEREAS: Since the first Health Transfer Agreement was signed in 1995, the Commission, through the UNBI Health Committee, has dealt mainly with health programs;

BE IT RESOLVED: That the Board of Directors, Chiefs of the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet Nations change the name of the Commission on Health and Social programs to the Commission or Health Programs to carry out the following mandate:

1. Advance First Nations control of all health programs for their members by endorsing the    negotiation of a new Health Transfer Agreement.

2. Promote Aboriginal, Treaty and Constitutional Rights to good health including a healthy environment.

3. Promote the hiring and training of First Nations people at all levels of health services and programs available to First Nations people in New Brunswick.

4. Advise Health Canada on the review and modification of any policies that currently exist or will be formulated in the future to ensure the sound and effective delivery of health programs which will be suitable for youth, seniors and disabled people of the First Nations.

5. Act as an advisory group on policies related to Health Transfer processes to any First Nation upon their request.

6. Ensure that any additional funding requested not in any way jeopardize the existing program funding for First Nations.

7. Recognize that the Union of New Brunswick Indians Health Committee will be accountable to the Chiefs in their role as the administrator of the health programs as listed in the Transfer Agreement.

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED: That we, the Chiefs of the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations authorize that a new five year five year funding agreement be entered into with the First Nations and Inuit Health of Health Canada by the Union of New Brunswick Indians to carry out the above noted mandate.

MOVED BY:   Chief Joanna Bernard

SECONDED BY: Chief Everett Martin

Adopted this 29th day of April 2008, by the Chiefs comprising the Board of Directors of the Union of New Brunswick Indians.

National Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy (NAYSPS)

 Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Peter Birney
Senior Health Policy Analyst

Crisis lines
National Indian Residential School Crisis Line
Suicide Prevention contacts

Work Plan 2016-17

As in past years, UNBI will work with each of its twelve First Nations (Madawaska, Eel Ground, Metapeneagiag, Buctouche, Kingsclear, St. Mary's, Pabineau, Fort Folly, Woodstock, Indian Island, Oromocto and Eel River Bar), to develop their community teams and plan youth activities around suicide prevention. As you can well imagine, these are unique to each community as the community designs each aspect. Communities are encouraged to involve health professionals, educators, peace keepers and response personnel in their community teams and identify any skills/training that may be needed to strengthen their capacity. With respect to the youth activities under the NAYSPS, communities plan different gatherings for their youth.


(1) increase awareness and understanding of Aboriginal youth suicide prevention;

(2) strengthen key protective factors such as a strong sense of identity, meaning and purpose, and resilience;

(3) strengthen and facilitate collaborative approaches and linkages within and across governments, agencies and organizations;

(4) develop and implement locally-driven suicide prevention plans in First Nations and Inuit communities;

(5) improve and increase crisis response efforts to intervene more effectively in preventing suicide and suicide clusters following a suicide-related crisis in First Nations and Inuit communities; and

(6) enhance knowledge development regarding what is known about what works in preventing Aboriginal youth Suicide.


Reclaiming Our Ancestral Footsteps

A toolkit for addressing youth suicide in your community. Together to live.

New Brunswick First Nations' Suicide Prevention Contacts

First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC)

 Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Peter Birney
Secretary, Board of Directors

The First Nations Information Governance Centre is an exciting development whereby First Nations will now have a dedicated Centre that will serve as the permanent home of the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS) and build upon that successful process to provide an abundance of information, research, training, data collection, analysis and dissemination services to First Nations at the community, regional and national levels. In addition, the Centre will not only be centrally located in Ottawa, it will also support the development of regional centre’s that will serve the strategic First Nations information and research needs as determined by each of the participating regions.

Key Objectives:

  • Be the permanent home of the RHS
  • Be the premier source of First Nations Information
  • Be devoted to First Nations
  • Make the most of research and information that will truly benefit the health and well being of First Nations
  • Strive to partner with entities that seek to achieve success in working with First Nations, through the use of credible information and processes that respect First Nations jurisdiction to own, protect, and control how their information is collected, used and disclosed.
  • Promote and advance the First Nations Principles of OCAP
  • Assist in building First Nations capacity in research, information technologies, health surveillance and data analysis
  • Measure improvements to First Nations health and well-being through the RHS and specialized surveys


The First Nations Data Centre

The First Nations Data Centre (FNDC) is a knowledge exchange service of the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC). Located at FNIGC’s Ottawa office, the FNDC provides access to unpublished and record-level data from FNIGC's respected survey work, including the First Nations Regional Health Survey (FNRHS, or RHS) and the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey (FNREEES, or REEES).

The first service of its kind, the FNDC offers data access to individuals pursuing academic research, policy development, and program planning and evaluation on a pay-per-use basis. The data cannot be used for commercial purposes.

The goal of the FNDC is to encourage the dissemination and knowledge transfer of FNIGC’s First Nations data among researchers, academics, policy makers and other stakeholders.

The FNDC’s services are available in person at FNIGC’s Ottawa offices or online at FNIGC.ca/FNDC, a website that includes an online application process for those looking to make use of data from the FNRHS (or the FNREEES, starting in spring 2016).

The First Nations Data Centre

First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education & Employment Survey

Contact by Email
Tel: 506-458-9444
Fax: 506-458-2850

Hazel Atwin

It is widely recognized that there is an information gap in First Nations communities for many key Socio-economic indicators, particularly in the areas of education, employment and early childhood education. A national survey is necessary to address some of these important data gaps and provide valuable data to help make informed policy and programming decisions, which could ultimately lead to improvements in the lives of First Nations. Since the needs of each region may differ from each other and those of the entire Nation, each region across Canada has been given the opportunity to collect and analyze their own data for the purposes of addressing their regional specific needs,

The First Nations Regional Early Childhood Development, Education and Employment Survey (FNREEES) is a national five (5) year (2011-2016) First Nations research project that builds upon the Success of the First Nations Regional Health Survey (RHS). It is being implemented by regional First Nations partners to produce on-reserve First Nations population estimates at a national, regional and territorial level (in addition to select large First Nations communities). The FNREEES will provide community-based culturally relevant research information about New Brunswick First Nations in order to support collective priorities and strategic directions for re-building strong and healthy Nations. It will provide valuable information and data to support policy and program development, and inform decision making that reflects the needs of First Nations communities.

The First Nations Regional Education, Employment and Early Childhood Development Survey (FNREEES) is a First Nation-driven survey which is aimed at collecting information regarding the education, employment and early childhood development of First Nation communities across Canada;

The FNREEES was developed to respect and uphold the sovereign rights of First Nations and the authority conferred or mandated to their representative bodies. The principles of Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession (OCAP") which flow from those rights, mandate that First Nations have control over the collection, use and disclosure of information about their communities.

This survey is unique because it is strictly owned and controlled by First Nations in the region that the Survey is managed. In this region, the survey is managed by The Union of New Brunswick Indians (UNBI). Information from this study will benefit First Nations through the development of programs and policies that are consistent with First Nation culture. The survey is managed nationally by the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC) as mandated under AFN Resolution (No. 19/2011).

New Brunswick First Nation REEES Training

Back row left to right:  Hazel Atwin, REEES Administrator (UNBI); REEES Field Workers:  Cindy Tomah, (Kingsclear); Kara Martin (Eel Ground); Jolene Caplin (Kingsclear); Ted Polchies (Kingsclear); Brittany Buchan (Woodstock) and UNBI Health Director Nelson Solomon.  Front row: Kayla Marcoux (FNIGC), Peter Birney (UNBI); Katie Wood (FNIGC)

Link to...

REEES Regional Partners

Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB) Program

Contact by Email
Tel: 506-458-9444
Fax: 506-458-2850

Peter Birney
Senior Health Policy Analyst

The Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB) Program is a national program that provides coverage to registered First Nations and recognized Inuit to support them in reaching an overall health status that is comparable with other Canadians. The Non-Insured Health Benefits Program provides coverage for a limited range of medically necessary goods and services to which these clients are not entitled through other plans and programs. In cases where a benefit is covered under another plan, the NIHB Program will act to coordinate payment of eligible benefits. It is the Government of Canada’s position that current health programs and services including Non-Insured Health Benefits are provided to First Nations and Inuit on the basis of national policy and not due to any constitutional or other legal obligations. First Nations assert that health benefits are an Inherent Aboriginal and Treaty Right and are constitutionally protected.

Should you wish to obtain further information, please contact us at:

Union of New Brunswick Indians

75 Melissa Street, Unit 1
Richibucto Road, New Brunswick
E3A 6V9

Tel: 506-458-9444
Fax: 506-458-2850


A Guide for First Nations to Access Non-Insured Health Benefits

First Nations Regional Health Survey (FNRHS)

 Contact by Email
Telephone:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Hazel Atwin
Regional Coordinator

The only First Nations-governed holistic health survey of its kind in Canada, the RHS is currently in the third year of a five-year process that will see it collect data from 250 First Nations communities, in collaboration with its regional partners in 10 provinces and two territories.   The Regional Health Survey is the only First Nations-governed national health survey in Canada, the First Nations Regional Health Survey (FNRHS, or RHS for short) is a unique initiative. Founded in 1997, the RHS collects information about on reserve and northern First Nations communities based on both Western and traditional understandings of health and well-being.

The RHS is carried out by the First Nations information Governance Centre (FNIGC), a non-profit First Nations organization that has been doing surveys on reserve and in northern communities in collaboration with its Regional Partners since 1997.

The RHS grew out of a National Steering Committee which was created to design a new national First Nations health survey as a response to a Federal Government decision to exclude First Nation people living on reserve from three major longitudinal population surveys.

In the nearly two decades since, the RHS has gone through four cycles and has collected quality, culturally relevant data from tens of thousands of First Nations people. This data has influenced and informed such crucial programs and policies as the Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative, the Aboriginal Head Start Program, the Children's Oral Health Initiative, as well as Communicable Disease Control, Food Security and Nutrition, Healthy Living,Healthy Child Development, and Mental Health and Addictions.

FNIGC's pioneering survey work has been reviewed by Harvard University (in 2006) and Johns Hopkins University (in 2012), which concluded that our methodology was “outstanding,” “excellent” and “first-rate”. It also concluded that “with respect to fidelity of design, the evaluators found the execution of the RHS to be excellent overall and superb along many dimensions.”

The Assembly of First Nations(AFN) Chiefs in Assembly, the Chiefs Committee on Health (CCOH) and First Nations regions across the Country have mandated the FNIGC to oversee the administration of the RHS,

FNIGC membership is derived from the RHS regional organizations, which provides a solid regional and community based foundation for governance. Results of the most recent version of the Survey, RHS Phase 2, were published in June 2012. RHS Phase 3 is scheduled to start rolling out in Fall 2014.

Where is the RHS taking place?

The RHS is happening in 250 First Nations communities in 10 regions (which include 10 provinces and two territories) across Canada: Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta,Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. RHS Regional Coordinators manage the implementation of the survey in collaboration with the FNIGC.

Phase 3 of the RHS is scheduled to launch in Fall 2014, and Will build upon the previous success of the RHS Phase 1 and 2. Upon completion of data collection and analysis, the data will be released in a series of targeted reports in 2016/2017.

What does the RHS measure?

The RHS addresses a comprehensive range of health Status, wellness and health determinant measures and is broken down into three parts: adult, youth and child. When combined, these parts provide comparability to other Canadian surveys while addressing First Nations priorities within a cultural and holistic framework.

While the questionnaires have largely remained true to their original content, work has been undertaken to modernize the questionnaires ensuring their continued relevance to First Nations communities.For example, for RHS Phase 3, two new priority areas -bullying and maternal behaviors - have been identified by our Regional Partners.

Final results from RHS Phase 3 will be presented in a series of targeted reports focusing on priority areas identified by our First Nations partners.

What happens to the Survey data?

The safety and security of First Nations data is very important to FNIGC and its Regional Partners. After it is collected all survey data provided will be locked up and protected by RHS Field Workers. Each Field Worker has been trained on the First Nations principles of OCAP, which stands for ownership, control, access and possession: a set of guidelines that require data be kept confidential and safe. RHS Field Workers recognize and respect the importance of privacy and fully understand how to keep your information protected.

First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC) (2012).  First Nations Regional Health Survey (RHS) 2008/10: National report on adults, youth and children living in First Nations communities. Ottawa: FNIGC.

First Nations Longitudinal Regional Health Survey.  Presentation to the Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation on Indigenous Peoples Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues United Nations Headquarter, New York, New York January 19- 21, 2004

First Nation Health Centres



Esgenoôpetitj Wellness Centre
610 Bayview Drive
Burnt Church First Nation, NB, E9G 2A8

Tobique First Nation Neqotkuk Health Services
250 Main St,
Tobique First Nation, NB E7H 2Y8
(506) 273-5430
Contact by Email  

Pabineau First Nation Community Health Center
1290 Pabineau Falls Road
Pabineau First Nation, NB, E2A 7M3

Woodstock First Nation Health Centre
10 Turtle Lane
Woodstock First Nation, NB E7M 3B4
Contact by Email  

Eel River Bar First Nation Health Center
11 Main Street, Unit #201
Eel River Bar First Nation, NB, E8C 1A1

Madawaska Maliseet First Nation Health Centre
1771 Main Street
Madawaska Maliseet First Nation, NB, E7C 1W9

Metepenagiag Health Centre (Red Bank)

1926 Micmac Road
Red Bank, NB, E9E 1B3

Oromocto First Nation Wel-a-mook-took Health Centre
5 Nikia Lane
Oromocto, NB E2V 2W8
(506) 357-1027    

Buctouche First Nation Health Center
9 Reserve Road
Buctouche Reserve, NB, E4S 4G2
(506) 743-2537

Kingsclear First Nation Health and Wellness Centre
77 French Village Road
Kingsclear First Nation, NB, E3E 1K3
(506) 363-4001  

Elsipogtog First Nation Health + Wellness Centre
205 Big Cove Road
Elsipogtog First Nation, NB, E4W 2S1
(506) 523-8227  

St.Mary's First Nation Health Centre
440 Highland Avenue
Fredericton,NB E3A 5V9
(506) 452-2760   

Fort Folly First Nation Health Centre
38 Bernard Trail
Dorchester ,NB E4K 3V5
(506) 379-3400  

Eel Ground First Nation Health & Wellness Centre
36 Micmac Road
Eel Ground First Nation, NB E1V 4B1
(506) 627-4664 

Indian Island First Nation Health Centre
61 Island Drive
Indian Island, NB E4W 1S9
(506) 523-9795