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Natural Resources
Source Water Protection

Environmental Contamination
Nuclear Waste Management Organization
Household Hazardous Waste
Watersheds



Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Rick Perley
Liasion, Acting

Mandate

The Aboriginal Natural Resources Committee will monitor, assess and advise on the development and use of natural resources in New Brunswick. Natural resources shall include all renewable and non-renewable resources such as trees and plants, soil, water, animals, fisheries, minerals, hydro-carbons and energy.

The primary responsibility of the Committee shall be to protect, preserve and promote the Aboriginal people while at the same time exploring and monitoring development, conservation, employment and business opportunities in connection with the development of natural resources. To this end the Committee shall carry out the following specific tasks:

1. Development liaison opportunities with companies and federal and provincial government departments and agencies operating in the natural resources sector.

2. Monitor all regulatory processes governing the development and exploration for natural resources.

3. Explore potential business opportunities through independent or so-venture or partnership agreements.

4. Develop training programs and employment opportunities related to natural resources development.

5. Advise staff on developing a working relationship with government departments and agencies and private or public corporations.

6. Assist in and monitor negotiations with government departments and agencies and private or public corporations with a view to maximizing benefits for our people.


Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program Online Data Search – Facility Reported Data

Environmental Contamination

Research

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

Effects on Humans

Heavy Metals

Research

Union of New Brunswick Indians

  1. Environmental Contamination Related to Significant Health Issues Among First Nations in New Brunswick
  2. Mercury and other contaminants in common loons breeding in Atlantic Canada

Maliseet Nation Conservation Council (MNCC)

  1. Environmental Contaminants in Speckled Trout and Deer (Report)
  2. Environmental Contaminants in Fiddleheads and Moose Meat (Brochure)
  3. Evaluation of the level of contaminants, cadmium, mercury and arsenic in the muscle tissue and the organs of moose (Report)
  4. Evaluation of the level of contaminants, Mercury, Arsenic, Nickel and Cadmium in fiddleheads, New Brunswick(Report)

Health Canada

Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (The MIREC Study).  Established to obtain national bio-monitoring data on pregnant women and their infants and to examine potential adverse health effects of prenatal exposure to environmental chemicals on pregnancy and infant health. Subsequently, studies of some of the MIREC children at birth, at 6 months, and at 2-5 years of age were carried out. MIREC also includes a data and bio-specimens bio-bank, for future research. We refer to this body of research as the MIREC Research Platform.

Others

  1. Contaminants in nestling tree swallows from Atlantic Coastal Action Program (ACAP) Sites in Atlantic Canada.
  2. FACILITY PROFILE: New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation - Dalhousie Generating Station
  3. Pollution Watch Fact Sheet 2003 New Brunswick Pollution Highlights    New Brunswick Power's Coleson Cove Generating Station reported the largest combined toxic (such as mercury and lead) and Criteria Air Contaminants (smog-causing pollutants) air releases of any facility in New Brunswick in 2003 (55,395,328 kilograms) followed by Noranda, Dalhousie Generating stations.
  4. National Pollutant Release Inventory - Regional Synopsis for the Atlantic Provinces
  5. Indigenous Land: Canada's Toxic Storehouse. John Ahni Schertow June 19, 2008
  6. Toxic Inequities: Chemical Exposures and Indigenous Communities in Canada and the United States
  7. Hormone-Blocking Chemicals Found in First Nation Families
  8. Contaminated tribe: Hormone-blocking chemicals found in First Nation families
  9. “Gender-benders”: Sex and Law in the Constitution of Polluted Bodies Scott, D.N. Fem Leg Stud (2009) 17: 241. doi:10.1007/s10691-009-9127-4
  10.  Rachel Carson’s Legacy: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and Gender Concerns GAIA 21/3(2012): 225– 229
  11. Body Polluted: Questions of Scale, Gender and Remedy  OSGOODE HALL LAW SCHOOL, Comparative Research in Law & Political Economy Research Paper No. 21/2010
  12. Sarah Marie Wiebe (2015): Guardians of the environment in Canada’s Chemical Valley, Citizenship Studies 
  13. Chemical exposure in the Aamjiwnaang communityThe McGill Daily's website. Diana Kwon, Nov. 28, 2013

Glyphosate

Radio-Canada International has reported, "The provincial government in New Brunswick has been spraying herbicides on 15,000 hectares of crown land since the 1970’s when it first permitted pulp and paper companies to clear-cut natural forest and replace it with plantations. The taxpayer funded programme is to benefit the lumber industry by protecting fast growing softwood trees from encroaching hardwood saplings. The hardwood saplings however are an important food supply for deer and moose, and there have been suggestions that the programme has removed thousands of tons of such food and has contributed to the steep decline in moose and deer numbers in the province in the past ten years."

Stop Spraying in NB The Canadian Press:  Published Wednesday, May 18, 2016 8:47AM ADT
FREDERICTON - A group in New Brunswick says it will present a petition to members of the legislature today to protest herbicide spraying.


Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) encompass an array of anthropogenic organic and elemental substances and their degradation and metabolic by-products that have been found in the tissues of exposed animals.

Listing of POPs in the Stockholm Convention

As a consequence of bioaccumulation by, bio magnification of legacy and emerging, POPs are found in biota and humans.  The potential biological effects of these contaminants on exposed plants, wildlife and fish and the people who harvest them are extremely important.

Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins ( CDDs & CDFs

Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

The World Health Organization's Dioxins and their effects on human health.   
   

Effects on Humans

Effects on Humans

Indigenous Peoples of North America: Environmental Exposures and Reproductive Justice  Indigenous American communities face disproportionate health burdens and environmental health risks compared with the average North American population. These health impacts are issues of both environmental and reproductive justice.

Human Exposure Assessment - World Health Organization

Review of Heavy Metal Effects - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Heavy metal pollution and human bio-toxic effects - International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 2 (5), pp. 112-118, May, 2007. link too... Heavy metal pollution and human bio-toxic effects

Indigenous Women and Environmental Violence
A Rights-based approach addressing impacts of Environmental Contamination on Indigenous Women, Girls and Future Generations. Submitted to the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Expert Group Meeting “Combatting Violence Against Indigenous Women and Girls”, January 18 – 20, 2012, United Nations Headquarters, New York by Andrea Carmen, International Indian Treaty Council and Indigenous Women’s Environmental and Reproductive Health Initiative, and Viola Waghiyi, Native Village of Savoonga, St. Lawrence Island, Alaska and Alaska Community Action on Toxics Theme 2: “Contextualizing Violence”

  ‘‘Gender-benders’’: Sex and Law in the Constitution.  Dayna Nadine Scott.  Fem Leg Stud (2009) 17:241–265DOI 10.1007/s10691-009-9127-4. 
“… there is a widespread acknowledgment of a general deterioration of male reproductive health worldwide, and many believe this can be traced to endocrine disruptors such as synthetic estrogens in the environment ….. the link between endocrine disruptors, mothers, and skewed sex ratios is this: findings show that in communities with low sex ratios there are also elevated levels of hormone-mimicking endocrine disruptors in the blood of pregnant women. …. lurking in the shadows of all of this controversy is the emerging theory of ‘feminisation’ (Mittelstaedt 2008). This posits that there might be an in utero feminisation of embryos that could have been male. The idea is that we are experiencing, not just in humans but also in animal species throughout the industrialised world, a feminisation trend that is observable across a variety of markers ...... ‘‘These things theoretically have a common etiology’’, according to Dr. Devra Davis (quoted in Mittelstaedt 2008). It is hypothesised that a declining sex ratio may be just one of a number of manifestations of a feminisation trend that is tied to endocrine disruption as very broadly experienced across the industrialised world. The gender dimension of the ‘harm’ experienced by the Aamjiwnaang community is as difficult to demonstrate as it is to dismiss. The impact of pollution seems not only to be gendered, but gendering. ...the endocrine disruptors do not just dole out their environmental health horrors disproportionately as between men and women, or girls and boys, they actually seem to be driving whether we get girls or boys. The pollution is feared to be actively producing gender. At the same time, its impact intersects directly with colonial histories of health and justice. “

Toxic chemicals blamed for the disappearance of Arctic boys.   By Daniel Howden in Nuuk, Greenland, Tuesday 11 September 2007.  PREPARED FOR: Prairie Women’s Health Centre of Excellence (PWHCE) & British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health (BCCEWH) APRIL, 2009
Twice as many girls as boys are being born in remote communities north of the Arctic Circle. Across much of the northern hemisphere, particularly in the US and Japan, the gender ratio has skewed towards girls for the first time. Now scientists working with Inuit villages in Arctic Russia and Greenland have found the first direct evidence that this trend is linked to widespread chemical pollutants. Despite the Arctic's pristine environment, the area functions as a pollution sink for much of the industrialised world. Winds and rivers deliver a toxic tide from the northern hemisphere into the polar food chain.

HUMANITY AT RISK: ARE THE MALES GOING FIRST?   The Globe and Mail Sat 20 Sep 2008 Byline: Martin Mittelstaedt
Something is happening to today's boys and men: Fewer are being born compared with girls, they're having more trouble in school, virility and fertility are down and testicular cancer rates are up. Now, scientists say these 'fragile males' may be more vulnerable than females to pollutants, affecting their development as early as the womb. If so, writes Martin Mittelstaedt, it could be a bigger threat to our future than global warming.

Prenatal Exposure of Canadian Children to Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Mercury  Can. J. Public Health; Vol 89; supple\;1Mmckle, G. et. al.
This article documents the exposure to environmental contaminants within subgroups of the Canadian population who are considered to be at risk as a result of the food they eat. We measured the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and mercury in the blood drawn from the umbilical cords of newborns in various Aboriginal communities, in a coastal community and in the general population. Average concentrations of Aroclor 1260 ranged between 0.3 and 2.0 µg/L and were clearly highest among the Inuit of Nunavik and Baffin Island and among the Montagnais of Quebec. In these groups, we found contaminant levels in the blood of newborns that exceed the threshold beyond which cognitive impairments are expected to result. Average concentrations of mercury ranged between 1.0 and 14.2 µg/L; the Inuit of Nunavik and the NWT exhibited the highest exposure levels. A portion of the Nunavik and NWT Inuit had concentrations beyond the critical threshold for the appearance of neurological consequences. The variations in exposure levels resulted from the different nutritional practices of these Canadian sub-groups.

Exposure to Environmental Contaminants in Nunavik: Persistent Organic Pollutants and New Contaminants of Concern  PREPARED FOR: Institute national de santé publique du Québec & Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
Many questions and hypotheses are raised regarding the sources of exposure, the influence of diet and the possible toxic effects of emerging contaminants.

Maternal and Infant Health and the Physical Environment of First Nations and Inuit Communities: A Summary Review.  R. STOUT, T. DIONNE STOUT & R. HARP. PREPARED FOR Prairie Women’s Health Centre of Excellence (PWHCE)and the British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women's Health (BCCEWH) APRIL, 2009

Relationship Between Children’s Health and Environmental Contaminant.  IN: Environmental Standard Setting and Children's Health Chapter 2. The Canadian Environmental Law Association (CELA)
Although the federal government does provide some funding for research on children’s environmental health, given the significant gaps in information identified in this study and through the preceding recommendations, the government should further support Canadian research that fills those data gaps. To that end, we recommend that government-funded centres of excellence for the study of environmental health be established which would include children’s health as an important focus. Such centres should encourage collaboration and coordination of research efforts between government and universities

Domain Specific Effects of Prenatal Exposure to PCBs,  Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1206323  2014.
Multiple regression analyses revealed that higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with decreased FTII novelty preference, indicating impaired visual recognition memory. Prenatal Hg was associated with poorer performance on A-not-B, which depends on working memory and is believed to be a precursor of executive function. Prenatal Pb was related to longer FTII fixation durations, indicating slower speed of information processing.

Contaminants in Breast Milk

There is agreement that all our bodies carry heavy contaminant loads from man-made chemicals.

There is agreement that breastfeeding is indispensable for human growth and development.

There is not agreement on the health effects of contaminants in breastmilk on infants & children.

Breastfed infants are considered to be at the very top of the food chain for the simple reason that their source of nourishment is other humans, who are already at the top of the food chain.

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) all tend to become magnified in the food chain over time.

Breastfeeding infants are thus the final target of POPs.

10 to 20 times as much of a mother's body burden of developmental toxins such as dioxins and PBDEs is transferred to the infant via the milk as by the transplacental route.

Highs, mid-levels and lows of infant exposures to certain toxins seem to correlate closely with highs, mid-levels and lows of autism or ASD traits, Publication of Pollution Action. 
Initiation of breastfeeding brings a sudden, major increase in toxins ingested, compatible with abrupt later appearance of negative effects. Decline of eye contact, beginning two months after birth, was found in infants who were later diagnosed with ASD.  This was not merely failure to develop, it was considered to be a derailment of initially satisfactory development.14a  The study’s authors saw this to be especially significant since “deficits in eye contact have been a hallmark of autism since the condition’s initial description.

Through mechanisms, known and unknown, breastfeeding has a positive impact on child health, since breastmilk strengthens the immune system. However, heavy loads of environmental contaminants may threaten the capacity to reproduce immune-strengthening breastmilk.

The Postnatal Period

Why is the Early-Postnatal Period a Time of Special Concern regarding Effects of Developmental Toxins?

  • A time of high vulnerability of the developing brain to effects of known, relatively widespread toxins
  • A time of greatly increased exposures to neuro-developmental toxins
  • The brain’s period of greatest cell proliferation is during the first two years of life
  • Various brain regions are especially vulnerable to toxins during their peak developmental periods
  • The cerebellum, which coordinates muscle (and eye) movement, is growing especially rapidly in the year after birth and is therefore quite vulnerable to toxins in this period.  Neurons in the cerebellum develop following birth, whereas neurons in the cortex develop mostly before birth

Cerebellar injury seems to be the most consistent neuropathology finding among children with ASD

Contaminants in Human Milk: Weighing the Risks against the Benefits of Breastfeeding
M. Nathaniel Mead. Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Oct; 116(10): A426–A434.
Given the tendency for persistent organic pollutants (POPs), pesticides, heavy metals, and other contaminants to accumulate in human milk, researchers and parents alike are asking whether the nursling’s exposure to these pollutants might reduce or even override the health benefits.

Environmental Contaminants in Breast Milk.
Krista Nickerson, Vol. 51, Iss. 1, Jan.–Feb.2006, Pgs 26–34
Toxic environmental contaminants can be transferred from mother to infant via breastfeeding. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are a family of lipophilic stable chemicals that bio-accumulate in adipose tissue and create a lasting toxic body burden. Breastfeeding provides a significant source of exposure to POPs early in human life, the effects of which are unknown, and is the subject of a growing body of research. Despite the possibility of harm from environmental contaminants in breast milk, breastfeeding is still recommended as the best infant feeding method. This article reviews what is known about POPs in breast milk and their effect on infant development to inform clinicians about the issue, provide recommendations for practice, and promote environmental and public health policies that reduce human exposure to harmful pollutants.

Developmental Environmental Toxins

There appears to be an extremely high correlation between hazardous infant exposures to toxins and the lactation process, which mobilizes toxins that have been stored in a mother’s body fat and excretes them to the infant in highly-concentrated form.

Exposures to neuro-developmental toxins are often extraordinarily high in the early-postnatal period, by comparison with established national or international standards and also in relation to prenatal exposures.
Publication of Pollution Action


Children’s Environmental Health Project

The Children’s Environmental Health Project was designed by the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (CAPE). It is intended to introduce clinicians (and their patients) to the fundamentals and broad context of children’s environmental health issues.  The project also covers environmental history-taking and provides links to additional resources that may be useful to the interested individual. Lastly, a commentary is provided on the physician’s role in primary prevention of environmental health problems in children.

The Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (CAPE), along with its sister organization the Canadian Health and Environment Education and Research Foundation (CHEER), are the only organizations in Canada dedicated to speaking for physicians on environmental issues. CAPE does evidence-based advocacy work related to these issues, while CHEER conducts research, educates the public, and analyses policies related to environmental issues, with particular attention to their effects on human health.

The primary tenet of the Hippocratic Oath is to do no harm. The medical profession therefore fundamentally endorses a precautionary approach that strives to protect the child when there is profound uncertainty and incomplete understanding of the risks from environmental toxins.

Health Canada

Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (The MIREC Study). 
Studies and reports have raised concerns about the number of chemicals in our bodies and the health effects that may be associated with the levels measured. Canadian data on this issue are limited.

This Canadian study has the following purposes:

  • to measure the extent to which pregnant women and their babies are exposed to common environmental chemicals;
  • to measure some of the beneficial elements in human breast milk;
  • to assess what health risks, if any, are associated with the chemical levels measured, with a focus on heavy metals such as lead and mercury;
  • to create a data and biological specimen bank for further research on fetal growth, pregnancy and health of mother and baby.

Maternal and fetal exposure to lead, mercury, cadmium and manganese: the MIREC Study. Arbuckle TE, Liang CL, Morisset AS, Fisher M, Weiler H, Mihai Cirtiu C, Legrand M, Davis K, Ettinger AS, Fraser WD, the MIREC Study Group. Chemosphere. 2016 Nov;163:270-82. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.08.023. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
Given the susceptibility of the fetus to toxicants, it is important to estimate their exposure. Cd, Pb, Mn and total Hg were measured in maternal blood from the 1st and 3rd trimesters, umbilical cord blood, and infant meconium. Nutrient intakes of vitamin D, iron, and calcium (Ca) were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and a dietary supplement questionnaire.  While Cd was rarely detected in cord blood (19%) or meconium (3%), median Pb (0.77 ìg/dL), Mn (31.87 ìg/L) and Hg (0.80 ìg/L) concentrations in cord blood were significantly higher than in maternal blood. Significant negative associations were observed between estimated Ca intake and maternal Cd, Pb, Mn and Hg, as well as cord blood Pb. Vitamin D intake was associated with lower maternal Cd, Pb, and Mn as well as Pb in cord blood.  Even at current metal exposure levels, increasing dietary Ca and vitamin D intake during pregnancy may be associated with lower maternal blood Pb and Cd concentrations and lower Pb in cord blood.

Maternal blood metal levels and fetal markers of metabolic function. Ashley-Martin J, Dodds L, Arbuckle TE, Ettinger AS, Shapiro GD, Fisher M, Taback S, Bouchard MF, Monnier P, Dallaire R, Fraser WD. Environmental Research. 2015;136:27-34.
This study supports the proposition that maternal levels of cadmium influence cord blood adipokine levels in a sex-dependent manner. Further investigation is required to confirm these findings and to determine how such findings at birth will translate into childhood anthropometric measures.

Air pollution exposure during pregnancy and fetal markers of metabolic function: the MIREC Study. Lavigne E, Ashley-Martin J, Dodds L, Arbuckle TE, Hystad P, Johnson M, Crouse DL, Ettinger AS, Shapiro GD, Fisher M, Morisset AS, Taback S, Bouchard MF, Sun L, Monnier P, Dallaire R, Fraser WD. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2016 2016 May 1;183(9):842-51. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv256. Epub 2016 Mar 29.
Significant associations were seen between air pollution markers and cord blood leptin levels in models that adjusted for birth weight z score but not in models that did not adjust for birth weight z score. The roles of prenatal exposure to air pollution and fetal metabolic function in the potential development of childhood obesity should be further explored.

Concentrations of persistent organic pollutants in maternal and cord bloodfrom the maternal-infant research on environmental chemicals (MIREC) cohort study. Fisher M, Arbuckle TE, Liang CL, LeBlanc A, Gaudreau E, Foster WG, Haines D, Davis K, Fraser WD. Environmental Health. 2016 May 4;15(1):59.
Pregnant women are an especially important population to monitor for environmental exposures given the vulnerability of the developing fetus. During pregnancy and lactation chemical body burdens may change due to the significant physiological changes that occur. Developmental exposures to some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been linked with adverse health outcomes. Similar to other studies, we found parity, maternal age, income, education, smoking status, pre-pregnancy BMI and fish consumption to be significant predictors for most chemicals. Those participants who were foreign-born had significantly higher concentrations of organochlorinated pesticides and PCBs.

Other Publications

A Strategy for Comparing the Contributions of Environmental Chemicals and Other Risk Factors to Neurodevelopment of Children. Bellinger DC. 2012.  Environ Health Perspect 120:501–507
Heavy Metals

Methylmercury

Tissues undergoing growth (to which cell division is important) are especially vulnerable to methylmercury, since “methylmercury is known to inhibit cell division by causing metaphase arrest,” according to a WHO publication (Sect. 9).  Abnormal neuronal migration (as an effect of methylmercury exposure) is especially significant to discussion of origins of autism, since disorganization of brain cells, which could result from defective migration, was found in a 2014 study to be normally present in brains of children with ASD. 

Studies:

Mercury and other contaminants in common loons breeding in Atlantic Canada. Burgess NM, Evers DC, Kaplan JD. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010

Source Water Protection
Water Quality, Conservation & Supply
Wastewater Treatment
Wetlands




Wellfield Protection Designation Order

Wellfield Protection - Protecting Sources of Municipal Drinking Water

A Guide To New Brunswick’s Watershed Protected Area Designation Order

2nd ed.Practical Handbook of ENVIRONMENTAL SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND GROUND-WATER MONITORING


Water Quality, Conservation & Supply
Domestic Water Quality Monitoring in New Brunswick

Water management

Understanding Legal Complexities of Integrated Water Management

Where can I get my well water tested in New Brunswick?


Wastewater Treatment

Septic Systems

Your Septic System

A Homeowner’s Guide to Septic Systems

Natural Technologies of Wastewater Treatment

Watersheds2
Nepisiquit River Basin

NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. Middle River Headwaters
  2. Little River
  3. Forty Four Mile Brook
  4. Forty Mile Brook
  5. Nine Mile Brook
  6. Nepisguit Brook Composite
  7. Otter Brook Composite
  8. South Branch Nepisguit River
  9. Little South Branch Nepisguit River

The South Branch Nepisguit River, with 62% of the land base covered in Crown forest less than 35 years old, is the most critically affected watershed in the province. The extent of young forest in that watershed can be contrasted with the adjacent low risk Portage Brook Composite watershed, for example, which contains only 12.5% young Crown forests.


Soil Samples taken by the UNBI on or near the Pabineau First Nation Community:IN: Environmental Contamination Related to Significant Health Issues Among First Nations in New Brunswick

Location Along Railroad
Lead
(ppm)
Zinc
(ppm)
Arsenic
(ppm)
Copper
(ppm)
Between Pabineau + Brunswick Mines Crossing Rte 430 1,890 5,670 46 197
Parallel to Rte 430 1,180 1,850 26 197
Past Pabineau crossing Rte 430 444 1,120

Heavy Metal Mining Activity




2 Miramichi River Basin



NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. Tomogonops River
  2. North Branch Big Sevogle River
  3. South Branch Big Sevogle River Headwaters
  4. Lower North Branch Little Southwest Miramichi River
  5. Little North Pole Brook Composite
  6. North Pole Stream
  7. Burnt Land Brook
  8. Six Mile Brook



03
"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <40%)

South Branch Kedgwick River

West of States Brook Composite

States Brook

McDougall Brook

Patapedia River


St. Croix River Basin

Petitcodiac River Basin

07 Northumberland Strait Composite

08 West Fundy Composite

09 Acadian Peninsula Composite

10 Chaleur Bay Composite
"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <40%)NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008
  1. Benjamin River

  • Gagnon, M. 1997. Regional Assessment: Southern Gaspé–Chaleur Bay. Priority Intervention Zone 20. Environment Canada – Quebec Region, Environmental Conservation, St. Lawrence Centre. 98 pages.
    In the early 1980s, several areas along the south shore of Chaleur Bay were heavily polluted by mercury and cadmium, and moderately polluted by arsenic, lead and zinc. The situation has since improved, however, thanks to efforts to control industrial effluent. Industrial activities in Belledune had been the source of cadmium, lead, arsenic and zinc contamination of sediment in the port and the coastal area downstream. Mercury contamination had been caused by effluent from a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie, dredging of the port at Dalhousie, and the dumping of contaminated spoil in open water.Several large industrial plants are located on the south shore of Chaleur Bay: three pulp and paper mills (in Atholville, Dalhousie and Bathurst), three thermal power plants (two in Dalhousie and one in Belledune), a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie and a lead smelter in Belledune. A chemical fertilizer plant in Belledune was recently shut down. These plants have been major sources of cadmium, lead, mercury and other toxic substances contaminating the south shore of Chaleur Bay.
11 East Fundy Composite

12 Fundy Isles Composite

13 Inner Bay of Fundy Composite

Wetlands
Government Resources on current wetland protocols
Nuclear Waste Management Organization

Contact by Email
Tel:  506-458-9444
Fax:  506-458-2850

Rick Perley
Acting Natural Resources Liaison

Nuclear Waste Management Organization Update

In 2016 Laurie Swami became President and CEO of the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO). Since that time there have been reported changes in the operating processes at NWMO. These changes have caused delays in our negotiations for a renewal of our agreement since our last one concluded in June 2016. We are hopeful to have a new agreement in place for April 2017.


NWMO Council of Elders and Youth

Mission

-To provide advice to the NWMO that will help protect and preserve all creation: air, land, fire, water, plants, medicines, animals and humankind

– Guided by seven universal teachings of love, trust, sharing, honesty, humanity, respect and wisdom.

Those representing New Brunswick are Elder Donna Augustine (Rexton, NB) and Youth Madison Levi (Metepenagiag Mi’kmaq Nation, NB).

There has been no Maliseet Elder representation on the council since Elder Leslie Perley’s term expired in August 2016. Since any spent fuel that will be transported from Point LePreau Nuclear Generating Station will be transported through Maliseet territory, UNBI is expressing concern to the  NWMO that this position is not being supported.


NWMO Strategic Objectives 2017 to 2021

The NWMO will:

» Build sustainable, long-term relationships with interested Canadians and Aboriginal peoples of Canada, and involve them in setting future directions for the safe, long-term management of used nuclear fuel. Continue to adapt plans for the management of used nuclear fuel in response to evolving societal expectations and values, insight from Indigenous Knowledge, and changes in public policies;

» Implement collaboratively with communities the process to select a site suitable for locating the deep geological repository and Centre of Expertise in a safe location in an area with an informed, willing host;

» Conduct testing of the engineered-barrier system in order to demonstrate that it meets safety requirements, and can be produced effectively and efficiently;

» Advance planning and capabilities for the construction and operation of the deep geological repository and the associated Centre of Expertise at the site selected to host the project;

» Continuously improve technical knowledge in collaboration with universities and international partners, and adapt plans consistent with international best practices;

» Establish safe, secure and socially acceptable plans for transporting used nuclear fuel;

» Ensure funds are available to pay for the safe, long-term management of Canada's used nuclear fuel; and

» Maintain an accountable governance structure that provides confidence to the Canadian public in the conduct of the NWMO's work.

Mandate

The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) was established in 2002 by Canada's nuclear electricity producers in accordance with the Nuclear Fuel Waste Act (NFWA). Operating on a not-for-profit basis under the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act, the NWMO is responsible for designing and implementing Canada's plan for the long-term management of used nuclear fuel. Used nuclear fuel is created by generating electricity in nuclear power plants.

Ontario Power Generation (OPG), New Brunswick Power Corporation, and Hydro-Québec (HQ) are the founding Members of the NWMO, and along with Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), are required to fund the NWMO's Operations.

The NFWA required the NWMO to study approaches for the long-term management of used nuclear fuel and recommend to the Government of Canada a preferred approach. The NWMO initiated this study in 2002, and in 2005, after a three-year dialogue with Canadians from coast to Coast, submitted to the Minister of Natural Resources a proposed approach for the long-term management of Canada's used nuclear fuel.

In June 2007, the Government of Canada selected Adaptive Phased Management (APM) as Canada's plan for the long-term management of USed nuclear fuel.

The technical end point of APM is the centralized containment and isolation of the used fuel in a deep geological repository located at a safe site with an informed and willing host. The plan also involves the development of a used fuel transportation system to transport used nuclear fuel to the repository site.

The management system involves realistic, manageable phases, each marked by explicit decision points with continuing participation by interested Canadians.

Links...

Implementing Adaptive Phased Management 2016 to 2020

Indigenous Knowledge Policy

NWMO News and Activities

NWMO Watching Brief on Advanced Fuel Cycles

Hosting a Nuclear Underground Storage Facility: Generations of Opportunity presented to a UNB class (ADM 2166) on Persuasive Economic Opportunities by Rick Perley

UNBI NWMO Workshop August 2005 Metepenagiag Lodge

Draft Study Report Dialogue Presentation E Dowdeswell, Saint John, July 5 2005


Household Hazardous Waste

Household Hazardous Wastes

To inform and educate on how ordinary household products become hazardous and the impact that these products may have on the environment – notably drinking water sources.

Household Hazardous Wastes

Source Water Protection   - Details for USA but is relevant to Canada

What's in Your Well

Protect Your Community from Household Hazardous Waste

The Recycling Reference HGTV Canada

Recycling / Waste Drop-offs

Link...

Regional Commission Programs

Recycling:
Facility Address Town Postal Code Phone Number

Nepisiguit-Chaleur SWC (Redpine)

1300 Route 360  Allardville  E8L 1H5 506-725-2402

Baie Ste Anne Home Building Centre

6 Ch Riviere du Portage  Baie Ste Anne  E9A 1G4 506-228-4996

Crain's Bottle Depot 

332 Main Street

Bath 

E7J 1A2

506-278-3264

Carpet Ranch / Grange a Tapis 

1263 Rue Principale

Beresford

E8K 1A1

506-548-8881

Recyclage Beresford Recycling Ltee. 

709 Rue Usine Parc
Industriel

Beresford

E8J 2A5

506-542-1919

Marina Bottle Exchange

87 Sr Green Rd

Campbellton

E3N 3Y5

506-753-0991

Tediche Home Hardware Building Centre

2499 Acadie Road

Cap-Pele

E4N 1B

506-577-4377

La Cooperative De Caraquet Ltee

CP5535 121 Boulevard
St-Pierre Ouest

Caraquet

E1W 1B7

506-727-1930

Caraquet Home Hardware

42 Boulevard
St-Pierre Est.  

Caraquet

E1W 1B6

506-727-3414

Weibe's Home Building Centre

3151 Main Street

Centreville

E7K 3A5

506-276-4576

Clark's Bottle Exchange

137 Lilloette Drive

Chipman

E4A 1V8

Valley Glass Recycling

665 Babin Street

Dieppe

E1A 5M7

506-855-0952

Bett's Home Hardware

420 Main Street

Doaktown

E9C 1E7

506-365-7888

RONA Le Renovateur

595 Rue Carrier

Edmundston

E3V 3Z3

506-737-8999

J&L Bottle Exchange

500 Boulevard Acadie 

Edmundston

E3V 3L2

506-739-6914

Topmar Building Supplies

140 Clark Street 

Fredericton

E3A 2W7

506-452-1855

Fredericton Region Solid Waste Commission

1775 Alison Boulevard 

Fredericton

E3B 4Y2

506-453-9936

Grand Bay Redemption Centre

131 River Valley Drive 

Grand Bay-

Westfield

E5K 1A1

506-738-6778

Gilbert M Rioux et Fils Ltee

53 Rue Beaulieu 

Grand Falls/
Grand -Sault

E3Y 1C9

506-473-1764

Southside Redemption Centre

70 Timothy Avenue South

Hanwell

E3C 2B8

506-450-9247

Brooks Redemption Centre

496 Campbell Settlement Road

Hartfield

E6G 1Z8

506-575-8136

Watson's General Store

2686 Route 3

Harvey

E6K 1S2

506-366-2170

Hillsborough Recycling Depot

110 Steeves Street

Hillsborough

E4H 3C3

506-734-1122

RONA Le Renovateur

115 Rue Notre-Dame

Kedgwick

E8B 1H7

506-284-2096

Centre de Remboursement Lameque Inc.

4008 Route 113 Savoy Landing Rdoad

Lameque

E8S 1B9

506-336-0903

La Societe Cooperative de Lameque Limite

68 Rue Principale

Lameque

E8T 1M6

South West Solid Waste Commission

5749 Route 3

Lawrence Station

E5A 3B9

506-395-0100

Friendly's Bottle Exchange

78 Rideout Rd

Lower Brighton

E1P 2G3

506-375-8082

Dupuis Home Hardware

8 Ch Pont Rouge

Memramcook

E4K 1T7

506-758-2504

Northumberland Co-op Ltd.

254 Lawlor Lane

Miramichi

E1V 3M3

506-627-7722

Greater Miramichi Regional Service Commission

505 Route Old King George Hwy

Miramichi

E1V 1J8

506-778-6646

Doran's Recycling Ltd.

390 Radio Street

Miramichi

E1V 2W9

506-622-0625

Hebert's Bottle Exchange Ltd.

293 Wellington Street

Miramichi

E1N 1P1

506-773-4071

Valley Redemption

323 Collishaw Street

Moncton

E1C 9R2

506-859-1989

Gorber's Bottle Exchange Ltd.

216 High Street

Moncton

E1C 6C2

506-857-1018

Valley Redemption

88 Toombs Street

Moncton

E1A 3A5

506-858-8110

Southeast Regional Service Commission

100 Bill Slater Drive, Berry Mills

Moncton

 E1C 8T6 506-877-1050

Neguac Home Hardware

790 Rue Principale

Neguac

E9G 1N5

506-776-8301

Roblynn Home Hardware & Home Furniture

257 Restigouche Road

Oromocto

E2V 2H1

506-446-6824

Recyclage Chaleur

571 Rue De L'Industriel

Petit-Rocher

E8J 1T3

506-783-7244

Valley Redemption Centre

1 Market Street

Quispamsis

E2E 4B1

506-849-8755

Richibucto Home Hardware

45 Cartier Boulevard

Richibucto

E4W 3W6

506-523-6631

Centre De Remboursement le Recyclage

13790 Route 144

Riviere-Verte

E7C 3B6

506-263-5311

Cogerno

248 Clement Roy Road

Riviere-Verte

E7C 2W7

506-263-3470

Caissie Building Supplies

11301 Rue Principale

Rogersville

E4Y 2W8

506-877-1050

Wheaton's All in One

13 Industrial Drive

Sackville

E4L 3Y3

506-536-0351

Pub's Transfer & Bottle Exchange

346 Rothesay Avenue

Saint John

E2J 2C2

506-633-2075

Fundy Region Solid Waste- Crane Mountain Landfill

10 Crane Mountain Road

Saint John

E2M 7T8

506 738 1212

Golden Mile Redemption Centre

35 Linton Road

Saint John

E2M 5V5

506-674-1206

RONA Le Renovateur

1976 Rue Commerciale

Saint-Francois-
de-Madawaska

E7A 1A9

509-992-2125

RONA Le Renovateur

38 Chemin Labrie

Saint-Quentin

E8A 2E1

506-235-1888

Horsman Bottle Exchange

3493 Route 106

Salisbury

E4J 3H5

506-372-9716

Shediac Redeem Center

610 Main Street

Shediac

E4P 2H3

506-532-4422

Boyd Brothers Ltd.

9 Route 172

St. George

E5C 3S9

506-755-1500

Centre de Remboursement Gaetan Bosse

6416 Route 17

St. Quentin

E8A 2J2

506-235-3268

Keiths Building Supplies

169 Route 1

St. Stephen

E3L 1S8

506-466-5888

Norrad's Express and Redemption Centre Ltd.

40 Albert Street,PO Box 4588

Sussex

E4E 5C7

506-433-2258

Tracadie Home Hardware

3000 Rue Principale

Tracadie

E1X 1G5

506-395-0120

Maple View Redemption Centre

182 Route 385

Weaver

E7G 3H6

506-356-2209

Vail's Bottle Exchange

522 Main Street

Woodstock

E7M 2C2

506-328-9842

Southern Valley Transfer Station

155 Moffatt Street

Woodstock

E7M 2H5

506-325-1246

Watersheds

Level 1 Watersheds

DRAINAGE BASIN / COMPOSITE DRAINAGE AREA (km2)
01. Saint John River Basin 28,860.15
02. Miramichi River Basin 13,546.65
03. Restigouche River Basin 6,603.91
04. St. Croix River Basin 1,653.34
05. Nepisiguit River Basin 3,091.97
06. Petitcodiac River Basin 2,831.93
07. Northumberland Strait Composite 4,707.44
08. West Fundy Composite 3,727.74
09. Acadian Peninsula Composite 3,188.45
10. Chaleur Bay Composite 2,195.59
11. East Fundy Composite 1,515.16
12. Fundy Isles Composite 237.32
13. Inner Bay of Fundy Composite 494.39

     PROVINCIAL TOTAL

72,656.04

drainageunits.docx

drainageunits.xlsx


01 Saint John River Basin

"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <35 years old)  NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. Wild Goose Branch
  2. Napadogan Brook
  3. Big Forks Stream
  4. Grey Brook Composite
  5. Coal Creek
  6. Forks Stream
  7. Alward Brook Composite
THE SAINT JOHN RIVER: A State of the Environment Report (2011)
02 Miramichi River Basin

"At-risk" Watersheds (at least <40% Crown forest cover <35 years old) NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008

  1. Tomogonops River
  2. North Branch Big Sevogle River
  3. South Branch Big Sevogle River Headwaters
  4. Lower North Branch Little Southwest Miramichi River
  5. Little North Pole Brook Composite
  6. North Pole Stream
  7. Burnt Land Brook
  8. Six Mile Brook
03 Restigouche River Basin

"At-risk" Watersheds (at least 40% Crown forest cover <35 years old.  NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.

  1. South Branch Kedgwick River
  2. West of States Brook Composite
  3. States Brook
  4. McDougall Brook
  5. Patapedia River

04 St. Croix River Basin

05 Nepisiguit River Basin

"At-risk" Watersheds (at least 40% Crown forest cover <35 years old) NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008..

  1. Middle River Headwaters
  2. Little River
  3. Forty Four Mile Brook
  4. Forty Mile Brook
  5. Nine Mile Brook
  6. Nepisguit Brook Composite
  7. Otter Brook Composite
  8. South Branch Nepisguit River (62% land base covered in forest <35 years old)
    **MOST CRITICALLY AFFECTED WATERSHED
  9. Little South Branch Nepisguit River

The South Branch Nepisguit River, with 62% of the land base covered in Crown forest less than 35 years old, is the most critically affected watershed in the province. The extent of young forest in that watershed can be contrasted with the adjacent low risk Portage Brook Composite watershed, for example, which contains only 12.5% young Crown forests.


Soil Samples taken by the UNBI on or near the Pabineau First Nation Community:IN: Environmental Contamination Related to Significant Health Issues Among First Nations in New Brunswick

Location Along Railroad
Lead
(ppm)
Zinc
(ppm)
Arsenic
(ppm)
Copper
(ppm)
Between Pabineau + Brunswick Mines Crossing Rte 430 1,890 5,670 46 197
Parallel to Rte 430 1,180 1,850 26 197
Past Pabineau crossing Rte 430 444 1,120

Heavy Metal Mining Activity


06 Petitcodiac River Basin

NE Pipeline Plant identification

Plant Database.wmv