Union of New Brunswick Indians

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Level 1 Watersheds

01. Saint John River Basin 28,860.15
02.  Miramichi River Basin 13,546.65
03.  Restigouche River Basin 6,603.91
04.  St. Croix River Basin 1,653.34
05.  Nepisiguit River Basin 3,091.97
06.  Petitcodiac River Basin 2,831.93
07.  Northumberland Strait Composite 4,707.44
08.  West Fundy Composite 3,727.74
09.  Acadian Peninsula Composite 3,188.45
10.  Chaleur Bay Composite 2,195.59
11.  East Fundy Composite 1,515.16
12.  Fundy Isles Composite 237.32
13.  Inner Bay of Fundy Composite 494.39



05 Nepisiquit River Basin

NB’s watersheds at risk. Megan de Graaf, NB Media Co-op, April 16, 2008.
The South Branch Nepisguit River, with 62% of the land base covered in Crown forest less than 35 years old, is the most critically affected watershed in the province. The extent of young forest in that watershed can be contrasted with the adjacent low risk Portage Brook Composite watershed, for example, which contains only 12.5% young Crown forests.

Soil Samples taken by the UNBI on or near the Pabineau First Nation Community:

IN: Environmental Contamination Related to Significant Health Issues Among First Nations in New Brunswick

Location Along Railroad
Between Pabineau + Brunswick Mines Crossing Rte 430 1,890 5,670 46 197
Parallel to Rte 430 1,180 1,850 26 197
Past Pabineau crossing Rte 430 444 1,120

Heavy Metal Mining Activity

1.  Press Release 2012:El Niño Ventures Inc. Bathurst Projects

  Pabineau First Nation Land Parcel

2.  Tailings erosion and resuspension in two mine tailings ponds due to wind waves M.H. Mian, E.K. Yanful / Advances in Environmental Research 7 (2003) 745–765 (Heath Steele Mine Upper Cell tailings area)

3.  Case Study Assessment - Heath Steele Tailings Area Miramichi, New Brunswick.  Gravel, J; Poirier, P. 2004. MEND Report 9.2c.
Recommendations for further studies at Heath Steele Mine to verify some of the issues that have been brought up in the closure plan, such as:
-  Assessment of contaminated seepage water from the Old Tailings Area into the Upper and North Cells or even towards the Lower South Tomogonops River (CN Quarry). ....

4.  Callinex Acquires Portfolio of Zinc Assets from Slam Exploration. May 18, 2016

Location Map showing the Superjack and Nash Creek VMS Properties, New Brunswick, Canada

01 Saint John River Basin

THE SAINT JOHN RIVER: A State of the Environment Report (2011)
02 Miramichi River Basin

03 Restigouche River Basin

04 St. Croix River Basin

06 Petitcodiac River Basin

07 Northumberland Strait Composite

08 West Fundy Composite

09 Acadian Peninsula Composite

10 Chaleur Bay Composite

  • Gagnon, M. 1997. Regional Assessment: Southern Gaspé–Chaleur Bay. Priority Intervention Zone 20. Environment Canada – Quebec Region, Environmental Conservation, St. Lawrence Centre. 98 pages.
    In the early 1980s, several areas along the south shore of Chaleur Bay were heavily polluted by mercury and cadmium, and moderately polluted by arsenic, lead and zinc. The situation has since improved, however, thanks to efforts to control industrial effluent. Industrial activities in Belledune had been the source of cadmium, lead, arsenic and zinc contamination of sediment in the port and the coastal area downstream. Mercury contamination had been caused by effluent from a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie, dredging of the port at Dalhousie, and the dumping of contaminated spoil in open water.Several large industrial plants are located on the south shore of Chaleur Bay: three pulp and paper mills (in Atholville, Dalhousie and Bathurst), three thermal power plants (two in Dalhousie and one in Belledune), a chlorine and caustic soda plant in Dalhousie and a lead smelter in Belledune. A chemical fertilizer plant in Belledune was recently shut down. These plants have been major sources of cadmium, lead, mercury and other toxic substances contaminating the south shore of Chaleur Bay.
11 East Fundy Composite

12 Fundy Isles Composite

13 Inner Bay of Fundy Composite